Turkey and Libya Sign Agreement: A New Chapter in Bilateral Relations
On November 27, 2019, Turkey and Libya signed a memorandum of understanding, paving the way for closer cooperation and coordination between the two countries. The agreement covers a wide range of areas, from security and defense to energy and investment.
At the heart of the memorandum is a commitment to support the legitimate government of Libya, the Government of National Accord (GNA), led by Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj, in its efforts to restore stability and security to the war-torn country. Turkey and Libya have a long history of diplomatic relations, but this agreement takes their partnership to a new level.
One of the key provisions of the memorandum is a commitment by Turkey to provide military and security assistance to Libya, in order to help the GNA fight against the forces of General Khalifa Haftar and his Libyan National Army (LNA). Haftar, who launched an offensive to seize control of the capital, Tripoli, in April 2019, is backed by a number of regional powers, including Egypt, the UAE, and Russia.
Turkey`s military support for the GNA, which includes the deployment of troops and the provision of weapons and equipment, has been controversial and has sparked criticism from some international actors. However, Turkish officials have defended their actions, arguing that they are necessary to prevent a humanitarian catastrophe and to support the legitimate government of Libya.
In addition to military cooperation, the memorandum also includes provisions for closer economic ties between Turkey and Libya. The two countries have agreed to work together on a number of energy and infrastructure projects, including the development of oil and gas fields, the construction of highways and railroads, and the expansion of port facilities.
The memorandum also includes a commitment by Turkey to support Libyan reconstruction efforts, following years of civil war and instability. Turkey has pledged to provide financial assistance and technical support in areas such as healthcare, education, and public services.
Overall, the memorandum of understanding between Turkey and Libya represents a significant development in the bilateral relationship between the two countries. By committing to support the GNA and to work together on a range of economic and security initiatives, Turkey and Libya are demonstrating their commitment to building a more stable and prosperous future for the people of Libya.